LEGISLATION

Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012, SC 2012, c 19.

Constitution Act, 1982, Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), 1982, c 11.

Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act, RSA 2000, c E-12.

Indian Act RSC, 1985, c I-5.

National Energy Board Act, RSC 1985, c N-7.

Nuclear Safety and Control Act, SC 1997, c 9.

Royal Proclamation (1763), RSC 1985, App. II, No 1.

Water Act, RSA 2000, c W-3.

REGULATIONS

Environmental Assessment (Mandatory and Exempted Activities) Regulation, Alta Reg 111/1993.

Environmental Assessment Regulation, Alta Reg 112/1993.

Regulations Designating Physical Activities, SOR/2012-147.

JURISPRUDENCE

Adam v Canada (Environment), FC 2014 1185 (Canlii).

Behn v Moulton Contracting Ltd, 2013 SCC 26.

Brokenhead Ojibway Nation v Canada (Attorney General), 2009 FC 484 (Canlii).

Clyde River (Hamlet) v Petroleum Geo‑Services Inc, 2017 SCC 40.

Delgamuukw v. British Columbia, [1997] 3 SCR 1010.

Friends of the Oldman River Society v. Canada (Minister of Transport), [1992] 1 SCR 3.

Haida Nation v. British Columbia (Minister of Forests), [2004] 3 SCR 511.

Hupacasath First Nation v. Canada (Attorney General), 2015 FCA 4 (Canlii).

Mikisew Cree First Nation v. Canada (Minister of Canadian Heritage, [2005] 3 SCR 388.

R v Douglas, 2007 BCCA 265, 278 DLR (4th) 653.

R v Sparrow, [1990] 1 SCR 1075.

R v Van der Peet, [1996] 2 SCR 507.

Rio Tinto Alcan Inc. v. Carrier Sekani Tribal Council, [2010] 2 SCR 650.

Taku River Tlingit First Nation v. British Columbia (Project Assessment Director), 2004 SCC 74.

BOOKS

Bone, Robert and Anderson, Robert, Aboriginal Consultation, Environmental Assessment, and Regulatory Review in Canada (West Concord, Captus Press Inc, 2017).

Dokis, Carly A, Where the Rivers Meet: Pipelines, Participatory Resource Management and Aboriginal-State Relations in the Northern Territories, (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2015).

Lambrecht QC, Kirk N, Aboriginal Consultation, Environmental Assessment and Regulatory Review in Canada (Regina: U of R Press, 2013).

Newman, Dwight G, Revisiting the Duty to Consult Aboriginal Peoples (Saskatoon: Purich Publishing Ltd, 2014).

ARTICLES/PAPERS

Assembly of First Nations Environmental Stewardship Unit, Overview of Environmental Issues facing First Nations: Context for Participation in Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Issues (Background Paper), (Assembly of First Nations Environmental Stewardship Unit, 31 March 2005) online: <https://www.nwmo.ca/en/~/media/Site/Files/PDFs/2015/11/04/17/30/406_11-AFN-10.ashx>.

Calgary Chamber of Commerce, The Consultation Conundrum: Examining Aboriginal Consultation in Alberta, (Calgary) online: <http://www.calgarychamber.com/sites/default/files/Calgary%20Chamber%20-%20Aboriginal%20Consultation%20Report.pdf>.

Canadian Institute of Resources Law, Sharing Land Stewardship in Alberta: The Role of Aboriginal Peoples, by David Laidlaw and Monique M Passelac-Ross (Calgary: Canadian Institute of Resources Law University of Calgary, 2012) online: < https://dspace.ucalgary.ca/bitstream/1880/48941/1/CoManagementOP38w.pdf >.

Craik, Alastair Neil, "Process and Reconciliation: Integrating the Duty to Consult with Environmental Assessment" (2016) Osgoode Legal Studies Research Paper Series 122 online: <http://digitalcommons.osgoode.yorku.ca/olsrps/122 http://digitalcommons.osgoode.yorku.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1125&context=olsrps>.

MacDonald-Laurier Institute, Getting the Big Picture: How regional assessment can pave the way for more Inclusive and Effective Environmental Assessments: #3 in series Aboriginal People and Environmental Stewardship, by Bram Noble (Ottawa: MacDonald-Laurier Institute, June 2017) online: <http://macdonaldlaurier.ca/files/pdf/Noble_Aboriginal%233Study_FinalWeb.pdf>.

MacDonald-Laurier Institute, Learning to Listen: Snapshots of Aboriginal Participation in Environmental Assessment, by Bram Noble (Ottawa: MacDonald-Laurier Institute, July 2016), online: <http://www.macdonaldlaurier.ca/files/pdf/Noble_StewardshipCaseStudies_F_web.pdf>.

MacDonald-Laurier Institute, Protectors of the Land: Towards an EA Process that Works for Aboriginal Communities and Developers, by Bram Noble and Aniekan Udofia (Ottawa: MacDonald-Laurier Institute, October 2015) online: <file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/Noble-EAs-Final.pdf>.

MacDonald-Laurier Institute, Understanding FPIC: From assertion and assumption on free prior and informed consent to a new model for indigenous engagement on resource development, by Ken S Coates and Blaine Favel (Ottawa: MacDonald-Laurier Institute, April 2016) online: < http://www.macdonaldlaurier.ca/files/pdf/MLINumber9-FPICCoates-Flavel04-29-WebReady.pdf>.

University of British Columbia, Independent Environmental Oversight: A Report for the Giant Mine Remediation Environmental Assessment, by Dr. Natasha Affolder, Katy Allen and Sascha Paruk (Vancouver: University of British Columbia, February 2011) online: < http://reviewboard.ca/upload/project_document/EA0809-001_Independent_Environmental_Oversight_Report_1328898833.PDF>.

GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS

Alberta, Alberta Energy Regulator, Environmental Assessments (Alberta, Alberta Energy Regulator, 2014) online: < https://www.aer.ca/applications-and-notices/environmental-assessment>.

Alberta, Alberta Energy Regulator and the Government of Alberta, Joint Operating Procedures for First Nations Consultation on Energy Resource Activities (Alberta, Alberta Energy Regulator, 2015) online: <https://www.aer.ca/documents/actregs/JointOperatingProcedures.pdf>.

Alberta, Alberta Environment and Parks, Alberta’s Environmental Assessment Process (December 2015) (Alberta, Alberta Environment and Parks, 2015) online: <http://aep.alberta.ca/land/land-industrial/programs-and-services/environmental-assessment/documents/EnvironmentalAssessmentProcess-Dec2015A.pdf>.

Alberta, Alberta Environment and Parks, Environmental Assessment Programs, Frequently Asked Questions (Updated Feb 2010) (Alberta: Alberta Environment and Parks, 2010) online: <http://aep.alberta.ca/land/land-industrial/programs-and-services/environmental-assessment/documents/EnvironmentalAssessmentProgram-FAQ-2010A.pdf>.

Alberta, Alberta Environment and Parks, Environmental Assessment Program, Guide to Providing Comments on Proposed Terms of Reference Updated February 2010 (Alberta: Alberta Environment and Parks, 2010) online:< http://aep.alberta.ca/land/land-industrial/programs-and-services/environmental-assessment/documents/ProvidingCommentsTermsReference-2010A.pdf>

Alberta, The Government of Alberta’s Guidelines on Consultation with First Nations on Land and Natural Resource Management (Guidelines) (Alberta, 2014) online:  <http://indigenous.alberta.ca/documents/First_Nations_Consultation_Guidelines_LNRD.pdf.pdf?0.18964671553674162>.

Alberta, The Government of Alberta’s Guidelines on Consultation with Metis Settlements on Land and Natural Resource Management, 2016 (Guidelines) (Alberta, 2016) online: <http://indigenous.alberta.ca/documents/Updated_Metis_Settlements_Consultation_Guidelines.pdf?0.29849827015724717>. 

Alberta, The Government of Alberta’s Policy on Consultation with First Nations on Land and Natural Resource Management (Policy) (Alberta, 2013) online: <http://indigenous.alberta.ca/documents/GoAPolicy-FNConsultation-2013.pdf?0.225320417088124>.

Alberta, The Government of Alberta’s Policy on Consultation with Metis Settlements on Land and Natural Resource Management, 2015 (Policy) (Alberta, 2015) online: <http://indigenous.alberta.ca/documents/GOA-Policy-Consultation-Metis-LandNaturalResourceManagement-2015.pdf?0.40983610689358163>.

Alberta, The Government of Alberta’s Proponent Guide to First Nationals Consultation Procedures for Land Dispositions (Alberta, The Government of Alberta, 2015) online: <http://indigenous.alberta.ca/documents/ProponentGuide-FirstNationsConsultation-ProceduresLandDispositions.pdf?0.4805502842646092).>

Alberta, Guidelines Corrections (Alberta, 2014) online: <http://indigenous.alberta.ca/documents/Guidelines_Correction.pdf?0.16631719203608997>.

Canada, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Aboriginal Consultation and Accommodation: Updated Guidelines for Government Officials to Fulfill the Duty to Consult (Policy Guidelines) (Ottawa: Aboriginal Affairs and Norther Development Canada, 2011), online: <http://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/DAM/DAM-INTER-HQ/STAGING/texte-text/intgui_1100100014665_eng.pdf>.

Canada, Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, Aboriginal Consultation in Federal Environmental Assessment (Government of Canada, 2016) online: <https://www.canada.ca/en/environmental-assessment-agency/programs/aboriginal-consultation-federal-environmental-assessment.html>.

Canada, Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, Basics of Environmental Assessment (Government of Canada, 2017) online: <https://www.canada.ca/en/environmental-assessment-agency/services/environmental-assessments/basics-environmental-assessment.html#gen01>.

Canada, Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, Canadian Environmental Assessment Act 2012 (Government of Canada, 2016) online: <https://www.canada.ca/en/environmental-assessment-agency/corporate/acts-regulations/legislation-regulations/canadian-environmental-assessment-act-2012.html>.

Canada, Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, Canada Alberta Agreement on Environmental Assessment (2005) (Government of Canada, 2005) online: <https://www.canada.ca/en/environmental-assessment-agency/corporate/acts-regulations/legislation-regulations/canada-alberta-agreement-environmental-assessment-cooperation/canada-alberta-agreement-environmental-assessment-cooperation-2005.html>.

Canada, Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, Participant Funding Application for an Environmental Assessment (Ottawa: Government of Canada, 2017) online: <https://www.canada.ca/en/environmental-assessment-agency/services/public-participation/participant-funding-application-environmental-assessment.html>.

Canada, Environmental and Regulatory Reviews: Discussion Paper (Ottawa: Government of Canada, 2017) online: <https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/themes/environment/conservation/environmental-reviews/share-your-views/proposed-approach/discussion-paper-june-2017-eng.pdf>.

Canada, Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, Government of Canada and the Duty to Consult (Ottawa: Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, 2016) online: <https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1331832510888/1331832636303>).

Canada, Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, Indigenous Peoples and Communities, (Ottawa: Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, 2016) online: <https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100013785/1304467449155)>.

Canada, Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (Ottawa: Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada, 2017) online: <https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1309374407406/1309374458958>.

Canada, Minister of Environment and Climate Change, Building Common Ground: A New Vision for Impact Assessment in Canada, The Final Report of the Expert Panel for the Review of Environmental Assessment Processes (Ottawa: Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, as Represented by the Minister of Environment and Climate Change, 2017) online: < https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/themes/environment/conservation/environmental-reviews/building-common-ground/building-common-ground.pdf>.

Canada, Minister of Natural Resources, Report of the Expert Panel on the Modernization of the National Energy Board, Forward, Together: Enabling Canada’s Clean, Safe and Secure Energy Future (Ottawa: Minister of Natural Resources, 2017) online: <https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/sites/www.nrcan.gc.ca/files/pdf/NEB-Modernization-Report-EN-WebReady.pdf>.

MAGAZINE / NEWSPAPER ARTICLES

Jackson, Kenneth, “AFN slams brakes on environmental talks with Trudeau over Secrecy” APT News (19 October 2017), online: <http://aptnnews.ca/2017/10/19/afn-slams-brakes-on-environmental-talks-with-trudeau-over-secrecy/>.

Joseph, Bob, “Indigenous or Aboriginal: Which is correct?” CBC News (15 September 2017), online: <http://www.cbc.ca/news/indigenous/indigenous-aboriginal-which-is-correct-1.3771433>.

Marks, Don, “What's in a name: Indian, Native, Aboriginal or Indigenous?” CBC News (2 October 2014) online: <http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/what-s-in-a-name-indian-native-aboriginal-or-indigenous-1.2784518>.

O’Donnell, Erin and Talbot-Jones, Julia “Three rivers are now legally people – but that’s just the start of looking after them” The Current (23 March 2017), online:< https://theconversation.com/three-rivers-are-now-legally-people-but-thats-just-the-start-of-looking-after-them-74983>.

Roy, Eleanor Ainge, “New Zealand river granted same legal rights as human being” The Guardian (156 March 2017) online: <https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/mar/16/new-zealand-river-granted-same-legal-rights-as-human-being>.

Tremonti, Anna Maria, “Colorado River should have same legal status as a person: lawsuit” The Current: CBC Radio (10 October 2017) online: <http://www.cbc.ca/radio/thecurrent/the-current-for-october-10-2017-1.4346695/colorado-river-should-have-same-legal-status-as-a-person-lawsuit-1.4347258>.

BLOG POSTS

Banks, Nigel, “The Federal Response to the Report of the Expert Panel on the Modernization of the National Energy Board” (14 July 2017) online: Ablawg <https://ablawg.ca/2017/07/14/the-federal-response-to-the-report-of-the-expert-panel-on-the-modernization-of-the-national-energy-board/>.

Fitch QC, Gavin, “The Role of a Tribunal in Fulfilling the Duty to Consult” (17 October 2017), online: Mondaq <http://www.mondaq.com/article.asp?articleid=638022&email_access=on&chk=1902822&q=1264800>.

Fluker, Shaun and Yewchuk, Drew, “The Expert Panel Report on Federal Environmental Assessment: Discretion, Transparency, and Accountability” (19 April, 2017) online: Ablawg <https://ablawg.ca/2017/04/19/the-expert-panel-report-on-federal-environmental-assessment-discretion-transparency-and-accountability/>.

Joseph, Bob, “Indigenous or Aboriginal, Which is Correct?” (5 January 2015) online: Working Effectively with Indigenous People <https://www.ictinc.ca/blog/indigenous-or-aboriginal-which-is-correct>.

Junger, Robin M, Young, Joan M, Ryan, Ryan, “Supreme Court declares Aboriginal title in Tsilhqot'in Nation v. British Columbia” (June 2014) online: McMillan <http://www.mcmillan.ca/Supreme-Court-declares-Aboriginal-title-in-Tsilhqotin-Nation-v-British-Columbia>.

Kwasniak, Arlene, “Filling the Gaps in the Federal Government Discussion Paper to Regain Public Trust in Federal Assessment” (1 August, 2017) online: Ablawg <https://ablawg.ca/2017/08/01/filling-the-gaps-in-the-federal-government-discussion-paper-to-regain-public-trust-in-federal-assessment/>.

Pittman, Miles and Glass, “Canada: Federal Court Of Appeal Requires Minister To Discharge Fiduciary Duty In Consent To Assignment Of First Nations Pipeline Easement” (11 October 2017), online: Mondaq <http://www.mondaq.com/canada/x/636436/agriculture+land+law/Federal+Court+Of+Appeal+Requires+Minister+To+Discharge+Fiduciary+Duty+In+Consent+To+Assignment+Of+First+Nations+Pipeline+Easement>.

Tsilhqot’in National Government, “Summary of Tsilhqot’in Aboriginal Title Case (William Case) Decision” (3 July 2014) online: Tsilhqot’in.ca <http://www.tsilhqotin.ca/PDFs/2014_07_03_Summary_SCC_Decision.pdf>.

INTERNATIONAL MATERIALS

Te Awa Tupua (Whanganui River Claims Settlement) Act 2017 (NZ), 2017/7.

UN General Assembly, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: resolution / adopted by the General Assembly 2 October 2007, A/RES/61/295, online: < http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/documents/DRIPS_en.pdf> [accessed October 25, 2017].

UN General Assembly Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, James Anaya, Promotion and Protection of all Human Rights, Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Including the Right to Development, 15 July 2009 A/HRC/12/34, online: https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G09/145/82/PDF/G0914582.pdf?OpenElement [accessed November 16, 2017].

United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, Indigenous Peoples, Indigenous Voices: Frequently Asked Questions online: <http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/documents/faq_drips_en.pdf> [accessed October 27, 2017].

WEBSITES

Assembly of First Nations, “Honoring Earth” online: <http://www.afn.ca/en/honoring-earth> [accessed September 24, 2017].

MISCELLANEOUS

Canada, Approach to Crown Consultation for the Northern Gateway Project, (Ottawa: Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, 2009) online: <http://www.ceaa.gc.ca/050/documents_staticpost/cearref_21799/83452/Vol1_-_Part07.pdf>.

Thomson, Jeffery, The Duty to Consult and Environmental Assessments: A Study of Mining Cases from across Canada, MEnvSc Thesis, University of Waterloo faculty of Science, 2015) [unpublished] online: < https://uwaterloo.ca/next-generation-environmental-assessment/sites/ca.next-generation-environmental-assessment/files/uploads/files/jeff_thomson_thesis.pdf>.

The Honourable Carolyn Bennett Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs, “Announcement of Canada’s Support for the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples” delivered at the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (10 May 2016) online: < http://www.metisnation.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Speech-Minister-Bennett-UNPFII-NEW-YORK-MAY-10-FINAL.pdf>.

United Chiefs and Councils of Mnidoo Mnising, “Review of Environmental Assessment Processes” online: <http://www.eareview.ca/wp-content/uploads/uploaded_files/UCCMM-Environmental-Assessment-Act-Submission.pdf>.