Below you will find information about human rights and the legislation that protects our human rights. The information provided here is comprised of work done by the Alberta Civil Liberties Research Centre. Although it is specifically designed for educators and their students, it can certainly be useful outside of the classroom.
In relation to our discussion of anti-racism it is important to note that freedom from racial discrimination is one of the basic rights of all human beings, and that these rights are protected by international, national and provincial legislation:
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Passed in 1948 by the United Nations
"Article 2: Everyone is entitled to all of the rights in the UDHR regardless of race, colour, sex, language, religion and origin" (as cited in Alberta Civil Liberties Research Centre, 1999).
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
Passed by Parliament in 1982
Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age, or mental or physical disability" (as cited in Alberta Civil Liberties Research Centre 1999).
Human Rights Citizenship and Multiculturalism Act
Passed in 1972, amended or changed in 1980 and again in 1996
Prohibits discrimination in employment and employment advertising, tenancy (rental housing), services available to the public and notices.
The Alberta legislation prohibits discrimination based on: race, physical disability, ancestry, religious beliefs, mental disability, and place of origin, colour, and marital status, source of income, gender, age, family status and sexual orientation. (Alberta Civil Liberties Research Centre, 1998)
The following are resources developed by the Alberta Civil Liberties Research Centre:
How Human Rights Laws Work in Alberta and Canada - full document
The Rights Angle: Human Rights Education - Using the Newspaper
Refugees and Discrimination: Teacher and Student Materials
Part 1 - Covers
Discrimination, Human Rights and You (Teacher's Guide)
Discrimination, Human Rights and You (Student version)